Translating Truth

The Gospel According to Luke

  • Author: Luke
  • Place Written: Caesarea
  • Writing Completed: c. 56–58 C.E.
  • Time Covered: 3 B.C.E.–33 C.E.

Dedication to Theophilus

1 Inasmuch as many have undertaken to compile an account of the things accomplished among us, just as they were handed down to us by those who from the beginning were eyewitnesses and servants of the word, it seemed good to me also, having followed all things accurately from the beginning, to write an orderly account for you, most excellent Theophilus, so that you may know fully the certainty of the things that you have been taught orally.

John the Baptist’s Birth Foretold by Gabriel

In the days of Herod, king of Judea, there was a priest named Zechariah, of the division of Abijah. And he had a wife from the daughters of Aaron, and her name was Elizabeth. They were both righteous in the sight of God, walking blamelessly in all the commandments and requirements of the Lord. But they had no child, because Elizabeth was barren, and both were advanced in years.[1]

And it happened that while he was serving as priest in the order of his division before God, according to the custom of the priesthood, he was chosen by lot to enter the temple of the Lord and burn incense. 10 And the whole multitude of the people were praying outside at the hour of incense offering. 11 And an angel of the Lord appeared to him, standing to the right of the altar of incense. 12 And Zechariah was troubled when he saw him, and fear fell upon him. 13 But the angel said to him, “Do not be afraid, Zechariah, for your prayer has been heard, and your wife Elizabeth will bear you a son, and you will call his name John. 14 And you will have joy and gladness, and many will rejoice at his birth, 15 for he will be great before the Lord; and he will drink no wine or alcoholic drink,[2] and he will be filled with the Holy Spirit, even from the womb of his mother. 16 And he will turn many of the sons of Israel back to the Lord their God. 17 And he himself will go before him in the spirit and power of Elijah, to turn the hearts of the fathers to the children, and the disobedient ones to the wisdom of the righteous ones, to make ready for the Lord a prepared people.”

18 And Zechariah said to the angel, “According to what will I know this? For I am an old man and my wife is advanced in years.”[3] 19 The angel answered and said to him, “I am Gabriel, the one having stood alongside of God, and I was sent to speak to you and to bring you this good news. 20 Yet look, you will be silent and unable to speak until the day that these things take place, because you did not believe my words, which will be fulfilled in their time.” 21 And the people were waiting for Zechariah, and they were wondering at his delay in the temple. 22 And when he came out, he was unable to speak to them; and they realized that he had seen a vision in the temple; and he kept making signs to them and remained mute. 23 And when the days of his priestly service were completed, he went off to his home.

24 After these days Elizabeth his wife became pregnant, and she kept herself hidden[4] for five months, saying 25 “Thus the Lord has dealt with me in these days in which he looked upon me,[5] to take away my reproach among men.”

Jesus’ Birth Foretold by Gabriel

26 In the sixth month, the angel Gabriel was sent by God to a town in Galilee called Nazareth,[6] 27 to a virgin[7] betrothed[8] to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David; and the virgin's name was Mary. 28 And he came to her and said, “Greetings, O favored one, the Lord is with you.” 29 But she was greatly perplexed at the statement, and was pondering what sort of greeting this might be. 30 And the angel said to her, “Do not be afraid, Mary, for you have found favor with God. 31 And behold, you will conceive in your womb and bear a son, and you shall call his name Jesus. 32 He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High; and the Lord God will give to him the throne of his father David; 33 and he will reign over the house of Jacob forever, and his kingdom will have no end.”

34 But Mary said to the angel, “How is this to be, since I know no man?”[9]

35 And the angel answered and said to her, “The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you; and for that reason the one who is born will be called holy, the Son of God. 36 And look, Elizabeth your relative has also conceived a son, in her old age, and this is the sixth month for her, the one who was called barren. 37 For nothing will be impossible with God.” 38 And Mary said, “Look, I am the slave girl of the Lord; may it happen to me according to your word.” And the angel departed from her.

Mary Visits Elizabeth

39 So Mary set out in those days and traveled with haste into the hill country, to a city of Judah,40 and she entered the house of Zechariah and greeted Elizabeth. 41 And when Elizabeth heard the greeting of Mary, the baby leaped in her womb. And Elizabeth was filled with the Holy Spirit. 42 and she cried out with a loud voice and said, “Blessed are you among women, and blessed is the fruit of your womb! 43 And why is this granted to me that the mother of my Lord should come to me? 44 For look, as the sound of your greeting reached my ears, the baby in my womb leaped for joy. 45 And blessed is she who believed that there would be[10] a fulfillment of what was spoken to her from the Lord.”

Mary's Song of Praise Magnifies the Father

46 And Mary said,

“My soul[11] magnifies the Lord, 47 and my spirit has rejoiced  in God my Savior, 48 for he has looked upon the low position of his slave girl. For look, from now on all generations will call me blessed; 49 for the Mighty One has done great things for me, and holy is his name. 50 And his mercy is from generation to generation for those who fear him. 51 He has done a mighty deed with his arm; he has scattered the proud in the thoughts[12] of their hearts. 52 He has brought down rulers from their thrones, and has exalted the lowly. 53 he has filled the hungry with good things, and the rich he has sent away empty. 54 He has helped Israel his servant, in remembrance of his mercy, 55 as he spoke to our fathers, to Abraham and to his offspring forever.”

56 And Mary stayed with her about three months, and returned to her home.

The Birth of John the Baptist

57 The time now came for Elizabeth to give birth, and she gave birth to a son. 58 And her neighbors and relatives heard that the Lord had shown great mercy to her, and they rejoiced with her. 59 And on the eighth day they came to circumcise the child, and they were going to name him after his father, Zechariah. 60 But his mother answered and said, “No indeed; but he will be called John.” 61 And they said to her, “There is no one of your relatives who is called by this name.” 62 And they made signs to his father, as to what he wanted him called. 63 And he asked for a writing tablet and wrote, “His name is John.” And they were all amazed. 64 And at once his mouth was opened and his tongue loosed, and he began to speak, praising God. 65 And fear came on all those living around them; and all these things were being talked about in all the hill country of Judea. 66 And all who heard them laid them up in their hearts, saying, “What then will this child be?” For the hand of the Lord was with him.

The Prophecy of Zechariah

67 And his father Zechariah was filled with the Holy Spirit and prophesied, saying,

68 “Blessed be the Lord God of Israel, for he has visited and provided redemption for his people. 69 and has raised up a horn of salvation for us in the house of his servant David, 70 as he spoke by the mouth of his holy prophets from of old, 71 of salvation from our enemies and from the hand of all who hate us; 72 to show mercy to our fathers and to remember his holy covenant, 73 the oath that he swore to Abraham our father, to grant us 74 that we, being rescued from the hand of our enemies, might serve him without fear, 75 in holiness and righteousness before him all our days. 76 And you, child, will be called the prophet of the Most High; for you will go before the Lord to prepare his ways, 77 to give knowledge of salvation to his people by the forgiveness of their sins, 78 because of the tender mercy of our God, by which the daybreak will visit us from on high, 79 to give light to those who sit in darkness and in the shadow of death, to guide our feet into the way of peace.”

80 And the child grew and became strong in spirit, and he lived in the desert until the day he showed himself publicly to Israel.

The Birth of Jesus Christ

2 Now in those days a decree went out from Caesar Augustus for all the inhabited earth to be registered. This was the first registration when Quirinius[13] was governor of Syria. And everyone went to be registered, each one to his own town. Joseph also went up from Galilee, from the city of Nazareth, to Judea, to the city of David which is called Bethlehem, because he was of the house and family of David, in order to register along with Mary, who was engaged to him, and was with child. While they were there, the days were completed for her to give birth.And she gave birth to her son, the firstborn, and she wrapped him in strips of cloth and laid him in a manger, because there was no room for them in the lodging place.

The Shepherds and the Angels

And in the same region there were shepherds out in the field, keeping watch over their flock by night. Suddenly the angel of the Lord stood before them, and the glory of the Lord gleamed around them, and they became very fearful. 10 And the angel said to them, “Do not be afraid, for behold, I bring good news to you of great joy which will be for all the people; 11 for today in the city of David there has been born for you a Savior, who is Christ the Lord. 12 And this will be the sign for you: you will find the baby wrapped in strips of cloth and lying in a manger.” 13 Suddenly there was with the angel a multitude of the heavenly army, praising God and saying,

14 “Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace among those with whom he is pleased!”

15 When the angels departed from them into heaven, the shepherds began saying to one another, “Let us go over to Bethlehem and see this thing that has happened, which the Lord has made known to us.” 16 And they went hurrying and found both Mary and Joseph, and the baby who was lying in the manger. 17 And when they saw it, they made known the statement that had been told to them about this child. 18 And all who heard it wondered at the things which were told them by the shepherds. 19 But Mary treasured up all these words, pondering them in her heart. 20 And the shepherds returned, glorifying and praising God for all that they had heard and seen, just as it had been told to them.

21 And when eight days had passed, so as to circumcise him, his name was then called Jesus, the name given by the angel before he was conceived in the womb.

Jesus Presented at the Temple

22 And when the days for their purification according to the law of Moses were completed, they brought him up to Jerusalem to present him to the Lord 23 (as it is written in the Law of the Lord, “Every male opening the womb shall be called holy to the Lord”) 24 and to offer a sacrifice according to what was said in the Law of the Lord, “A pair of turtledoves or two young pigeons.” 25 And there was a man in Jerusalem whose name was Simeon; and this man was righteous and devout, waiting for the consolation of Israel; and the Holy Spirit was upon him. 26 And it had been revealed to him by the Holy Spirit that he would not see death before he had seen the Lord’s Christ. 27 And he came in the Spirit into the temple, and when the parents brought in the child Jesus, to do for him according to the custom of the Law, 28 then he took him into his arms, and blessed God, and said,

29 “Now Lord you are releasing your slave depart in peace, according to your word; 30 for my eyes have seen your salvation 31     that you have prepared in the presence of all peoples, 32 a light for revelation to the Gentiles, and the glory of your people Israel.”

33 And his father and his mother marveled at the things being said about him. 34 And Simeon blessed them and said to Mary his mother, “Behold, this child is appointed for the fall and rising of many in Israel, and for a sign that is opposed 35 and a sword will pierce through your own soul also, so that thoughts from many hearts may be revealed.”

36 And there was a prophetess, Anna, the daughter of Phanuel, of the tribe of Asher. She was advanced in years, having lived with her husband seven years from her virginity, 37 and then as a widow to the age of eighty-four. She never left the temple, serving night and day with fasting and prayers. 38 And coming up at that very hour she began to give thanks to God and to speak of him to all who were waiting for the redemption of Jerusalem.

The Return to Nazareth

39 When they had performed everything according to the Law of the Lord, they returned to Galilee, to their own city of Nazareth. 40 And the child continued growing and became strong, being filled with wisdom. And the favor of God was upon him.

The Boy Jesus in the Temple

41 Now his parents went to Jerusalem every year at the Feast of the Passover. 42 And when he was twelve years old, they went up according to the custom of the feast. 43 And after the days were completed, while they were returning, the boy Jesus stayed behind in Jerusalem. And his parents did not know it, 44 but supposing him to be in the company, they went a day's journey; and they began looking for him among their relatives and acquaintances. 45 and when they did not find him, they returned to Jerusalem, looking for him. 46 Then, it occurred, after three days they found him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the teachers and listening to them and questioning them.[14] 47 And all those listening to him were amazed at his understanding and his answers. 48 When they saw him, they were astounded;[15] and his mother said to him, “Son, why have you treated us this way? Behold, your father and I have been anxiously looking for you.” 49 And he said to them, “Why is it that you were looking for me? Did you not know that I had to be in my Father’s house?” 50 And they did not understand the saying that he spoke to them. 51 And he went down with them and came to Nazareth, and he continued in subjection to them; and his mother treasured all these things in her heart.

52 And Jesus kept increasing in wisdom and stature, and in favor with God and men.

John the Baptist Prepares the Way

3 In the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, Pontius Pilate being governor of Judea, and Herod being tetrarch of Galilee, and his brother Philip tetrarch of the region of Ituraea and Trachonitis, and Lysanias tetrarch of Abilene, during the high priesthood of Annas and Caiaphas, the word of God came to John the son of Zechariah in the wilderness. And he went into all the region around the Jordan, proclaiming a baptism of repentance for the forgiveness of sins; as it is written in the book of the words of Isaiah the prophet,

“The voice of one crying in the wilderness: ‘Prepare the way of the Lord, make his paths straight. Every valley will be filled, and every mountain and hill will be brought low, and the crooked shall become straight, and the rough ways smooth, and all flesh will see the salvation of God.’”[16]

He said therefore to the crowds that came out to be baptized by him, “You brood of vipers! Who warned you to flee from the wrath to come? Therefore bear fruits in keeping with repentance, and do not begin to say to yourselves, ‘We have Abraham for our father,’ for I say to you that from these stones God is able to raise up children to Abraham. Even now the axe is laid to the root of the trees; every tree therefore that does not bear good fruit is cut down and thrown into the fire.”

10 And the crowds were questioning him, saying, “What then shall we do?” 11 And he answered them, “Whoever has two garments[17] is to share with him who has none, and he who has food is to do likewise.” 12 And tax collectors also came to be baptized, and they said to him, “Teacher, what should we do?” 13 And he said to them, “Collect no more than what you have been ordered to.” 14 Soldiers were questioning him, saying, “And we, what shall we do?” And he said to them, “Do not extort money from anyone by force, or accuse anyone falsely, and be content with your wages.”

The Misunderstanding about John

15 Now the people were in expectation and all of them were reasoning in their hearts about John, “as to whether he was the Christ, 16 John answered them all, saying, “I baptize you with water, but the one who is more powerful than I is coming, the lace of whose sandals I am not worthy to untie. He will baptize you with Holy Spirit and with fire. 17 His winnowing fork is in his hand, to clear his threshing floor and to gather the wheat into his barn, but the chaff he will burn with unquenchable fire.”

18 So with many other exhortations he proclaimed good news to the people. 19 But Herod the tetrarch, who had been reproved by him for Herodias, his brother's wife, and for all the evil things that Herod had done, 20 added this to them all, that he locked up John in prison.

21 Now when all the people were baptized, Jesus was also baptized, and while he was praying, the heavens were opened, 22 and the Holy Spirit descended on him in bodily form, like a dove; and a voice came from heaven, “You are my beloved Son; with you I am well pleased.”

The Genealogy of Jesus Christ

23 Jesus, when he began his ministry, was about thirty years of age, being the son (as was supposed) of Joseph, the son of Heli, 24 the son of Matthat, the son of Levi, the son of Melchi, the son of Jannai, the son of Joseph, 25 the son of Mattathias, the son of Amos, the son of Nahum, the son of Esli, the son of Naggai, 26 the son of Maath, the son of Mattathias, the son of Semein, the son of Josech, the son of Joda, 27 the son of Joanan, the son of Rhesa, the son of Zerubbabel, the son of Shealtiel, the son of Neri, 28 the son of Melchi, the son of Addi, the son of Cosam, the son of Elmadam, the son of Er, 29 the son of Joshua, the son of Eliezer, the son of Jorim, the son of Matthat, the son of Levi, 30 the son of Simeon, the son of Judah, the son of Joseph, the son of Jonam, the son of Eliakim, 31 the son of Melea, the son of Menna, the son of Mattatha, the son of Nathan, the son of David, 32 the son of Jesse, the son of Obed, the son of Boaz, the son of Salmon,[18] the son of Nahshon, 33 the son of Amminadab, the son of Admin, the son of Arni, the son of Hezron, the son of Perez, the son of Judah, 34 the son of Jacob, the son of Isaac, the son of Abraham, the son of Terah, the son of Nahor, 35 the son of Serug, the son of Reu, the son of Peleg, the son of Eber, the son of Shelah, 36 [he son of Cainan,][19] the son of Arphaxad, the son of Shem, the son of Noah, the son of Lamech, 37 the son of Methuselah, the son of Enoch, the son of Jared, the son of Mahalaleel, the son of Cainan, 38 the son of Enosh, the son of Seth, the son of Adam, the son of God.

The Temptation of Jesus

4 And Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit, returned from the Jordan and was led by the Spirit in the wilderness for forty days, being tempted by the devil. And he ate nothing during those days, and when they were ended, he was hungry. And the devil said to him, “If you are the Son of God, command this stone to become bread.” And Jesus answered him, “It is written, ‘Man shall not live on bread alone.’”[20] And he led him up and showed him all the kingdoms of the inhabited earth in a moment of time. And the devil said to him, “To you I will give all this authority and their glory; for it has been handed over to me, and I give it to whomever I wish. Therefore if you bow down before me, it shall all be yours.” Jesus answered him, “It is written, ‘You shall worship the Lord your God and serve him only.’”

And he led him to Jerusalem and had him stand on the pinnacle of the temple, and said to him, “If you are the Son of God, throw yourself down from here; 10 for it is written,

“‘He will command his angels concerning you, to guard you,’

11 and

“‘On their hands they will bear you up, lest you strike your foot against a stone.’”

12 And Jesus answered him, “It is said, ‘You shall not put the Lord your God to the test.’” 13 And when the devil had completed every temptation, he departed from him until an opportune time.

The Beginning of Jesus’ Galilean Ministry

14 And Jesus returned in the power of the Spirit to Galilee, and news about him went out throughout all the surrounding region. 15 And he began to teach in their synagogues, and was praised by all.

The Rejection of Jesus at Nazareth

16 And he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up; and as was his custom, he went to the synagogue on the Sabbath day, and he stood up to read. 17 And the scroll[21] of the prophet Isaiah was given to him. And he unrolled the scroll[22] and found the place where it was written,

18 “The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he has anointed me to proclaim good news[23] to the poor. He has sent me to proclaim release to the captives and recovering of sight to the blind, to set free those who are oppressed, 19 to proclaim the favorable year of the Lord.”

20 And he rolled up the scroll[24] and gave it back to the attendant and sat down; and the eyes of all in the synagogue were fixed on him. 21 And he began to say to them, “Today this Scripture has been fulfilled in your hearing.” 22 And all were all speaking well of him, and marveled at the gracious words that were coming out of his mouth; and they said, “Is not this Joseph's son?” 23 And he said to them, “Doubtless you will quote to me this proverb, ‘“Physician, heal yourself.” What we heard was done at Capernaum, do here in your hometown as well.’” 24 And he said, “Truly, I say to you, no prophet is acceptable in his hometown. 25 But in truth, I tell you, there were many widows in Israel in the days of Elijah, when the heavens were shut up three years and six months, and a great famine came over all the land; 26 and Elijah was sent to none of them, but only to Zarephath in the region of Sidon, to a woman who was a widow. 27 And there were many lepers[25] in Israel in the time of the prophet Elisha, and none of them was cleansed, but only Naaman the Syrian.” 28 And all those in the synagogue were filled with wrath as they heard these things. 29 And they rose up and drove him out of the city and brought him to the brow of the hill on which their city was built, so that they could throw him down the cliff. 30 But passing through their midst, he went away.

Jesus Heals a Man with an Unclean Demon

31 And he came down to Capernaum, a city of Galilee. And he was teaching them on the Sabbath; 32 and they were astounded[26] at his teaching, for his word possessed authority. 33 And in the synagogue there was a man who had the spirit of an unclean demon, and he cried out with a loud voice, 34 “Ha! What have you to do with us,[27] Jesus of Nazareth? Have you come to destroy us? I know who you are–the Holy One of God!” 35 But Jesus rebuked him, saying, “Be quiet and come out of him!” And when the demon had thrown him down in the midst, he came out of him without doing him any harm. 36 And astonishment[28] came upon them all and they were talking to one another, saying, “What is this word? For with authority and power he commands the unclean spirits, and out they come out!” 37 And the report about him went out into every place in the surrounding region.

The Healing of Many People

38 And he arose and left the synagogue and entered Simon's house. Now Simon's mother-in-law was suffering from a high fever, and they asked him to help her.[29] 39 And he stood over her and rebuked the fever, and it left her, and immediately she got up and began to serve them.

40 Now when the sun was setting, all those who had any who were sick with various diseases brought them to him, and he laid his hands on every one of them and healed them. 41 And demons also were coming out of many, crying out and saying, “You are the Son of God!” But he rebuked them and would not allow them to speak, because they knew he was the Christ.

Jesus Preaches in Synagogues

42 And when it was day, he departed and went into a desolate place. And the people sought him and came to him, and they tried to keep him from going away from them. 43 But he said to them, “I must preach the kingdom of God to the other cities also, for I was sent for this purpose.” 44 And he was preaching in the synagogues of Judea.

Jesus Calls the First Disciples

5 Now it happened that while the crowd was pressing around him and hearing the word of God, he was standing beside the lake of Gennesaret; and he saw two boats by the lake, but the fishermen had gotten out of them and were washing their nets. And he got into one of the boats, which was Simon’s, and asked him to put out a little from the land. And he sat down and began teaching the crowds from the boat. And when he had finished speaking, he said to Simon, “Put out into the deep and let down your nets for a catch.” And Simon answered and said, “Master, we toiled all night and took nothing, but at your word I will let down the nets.” And when they had done this, they enclosed a very large number of fish, and their nets were breaking. And they signaled to their partners in the other boat to come and help them. And they came and filled both the boats, so that they began to sink. But when Simon Peter saw it, he fell down at Jesus' knees, saying, “Depart from me, for I am a sinful man, O Lord.” For astonishment[30] had seized him and all those who were with him at the catch of fish that they had taken, 10 and so also were James and John, sons of Zebedee, who were partners with Simon. And Jesus said to Simon, “Do not be afraid; from now on you will be catching men.” 11 And when they had brought their boats to land, they left everything and followed him.

Jesus Cleanses a Leper

12 While he was in one of the cities, look, there was a man full of leprosy;[31] and when he saw Jesus, he fell on his face and begged him, saying, “Lord, if you are willing, you can make me clean.” 13 And he stretched out his hand and touched him, saying, “I am willing; be clean.” And immediately the leprosy left him. 14 And he ordered him to tell no one, “But go and show yourself to the priest and make an offering for your cleansing, just as Moses commanded, as a testimony to them.” 15 But the news about him was spreading even more, and large crowds would gather together to listen and to be cured of their sicknesses. 16 But he himself was withdrawing in the desolate places and praying.

Jesus Heals a Paralytic

17 On one of those days while he was teaching, Pharisees and teachers of the Law who had come out of every village of Galilee and Judea and from Jerusalem were sitting there; and Lord’s power was with him to do healing. 18 And look, some men were carrying a paralyzed man on a stretcher, and they were trying to bring him in and place him before him. 19 But not finding any way to bring him in because of the crowd, they went up on the roof and let him down through the tiles with his stretcher, into the middle of the crowd, in front of Jesus. 20 And when he saw their faith, he said, “Man, your sins are forgiven you.” 21 The scribes and the Pharisees began to reason, saying, “Who is this man who speaks blasphemies? Who can forgive sins, but God alone?” 22 But Jesus, perceiving of their reasonings, answered and said to them, “Why are you reasoning in your hearts? 23 Which is easier, to say, ‘Your sins are forgiven you,’ or to say, ‘Rise and walk’? 24 But, so that you may know that the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins,” he said to the one who was paralyzed, “I say to you, get up, and pick up your stretcher and go home.” 25 And at once he rose up before them and picked up what he had been lying on and went home, glorifying God. 26 And amazement seized them all, and they glorified God and were filled with fear, saying, “We have seen extraordinary things today.”

Levi Called by Jesus to be His Follower

27 And after these things, he went out and saw a tax collector named[a] Levi sitting at the tax booth, and he said to him, “Follow me!” 28 And leaving everything behind, he got up and began to follow him.

29 Then Levi spread a big reception feast for him in his house, and there was a large crowd of tax collectors and others who were reclining at the table with them. 30 And the Pharisees and their scribes began grumbling at his disciples, saying, “Why do you eat and drink with tax collectors and sinners?”[32] 31 And Jesus answered and said them, “Those who are well have no need of a physician, but those who are sick. 32 I have not come to call the righteous but sinners to repentance.”

A Question About Fasting

33 And they said to him, “The disciples of John fast often and offer prayers, and so do the disciples of the Pharisees, but yours eat and drink.” 34 And Jesus said to them, “You cannot make the friends of the bridegroom[33] fast while the bridegroom is with them, can you? 35 But the days will come; and when the bridegroom is taken away from them, then they will fast in those days.” 36 And he also told a parable to them: “No one tears a piece from a new garment and puts it on an old garment. If he does, he will tear the new, and the piece from the new will not match the old. 37 Also, no one puts new wine into old wineskins. If he does, the new wine will burst the wineskins and it will be spilled out and the wineskins will be ruined. 38 But new wine must be put into fresh wineskins. 39 And no one after drinking old wine desires new, for he says, ‘The old is good.’”

Jesus Is Lord of the Sabbath

6 Now it happened that on a Sabbath[34] he went through the grain fields, and his disciples were picking and eating the heads of grain, rubbing them in their hands. But some of the Pharisees said, “Why are you doing what is not lawful to do on the Sabbath?” And Jesus answered them, “Have you not read what David did when he was hungry, he and those who were with him, how he entered the house of God and took and ate the loaves of presentation, which is not lawful for any but the priests to eat, and also gave it to those with him?” And he said to them, “The Son of Man is lord of the Sabbath.”

Jesus Heals a Man with a Withered Hand on the Sabbath

On another Sabbath, he entered the synagogue and was teaching, and a man was there, and his right hand was withered. And the scribes and the Pharisees watched him, to see whether he would heal on the Sabbath, so that they might find a reason to accuse him. But he knew their thoughts and said to the man who had the withered hand, “Get up and stand in the middle,” and he got up and stood there. And Jesus said to them, “I ask you, is it lawful on the Sabbath to do good or to do harm, to save life or to destroy it?” 10 And after looking around at them all he said to him, “Stretch out your hand.” And he did so, and his hand was restored. 11 But they were filled with fury and discussed with one another what they might do to Jesus.

The Twelve Apostles Chosen

12 Now it happened that in these days he went out to the mountain to pray, and he spent the whole night in prayer to God. 13 And when day came, he called his disciples and chose from them twelve, whom he named apostles: 14 Simon, whom he named Peter, and Andrew his brother, and James and John, and Philip, and Bartholomew, 15 and Matthew, and Thomas, and James the son of Alphaeus, and Simon who was called the Zealot, 16 and Judas the son of James, and Judas Iscariot, who became a traitor.

Jesus Teaches and Heals Large Crowds

17 And he came down with them and stood on a level place, with a large crowd of his disciples and a great multitude of people from all Judea and Jerusalem and the coastal region of Tyre and Sidon, 18 who came to hear him and to be healed of their diseases, and those who were troubled by unclean spirits were cured. 19 And all the crowd sought to touch him, for power came out from him and healed them all.

The Beatitudes

20 And he lifted up his eyes on his disciples, and said:

“Blessed[35] are the poor,[36] for yours is the kingdom of God.

21 “Blessed are are the hungry now, for you shall be satisfied.

“Blessed are you who weep now, for you shall laugh.

22 “Blessed are you when people hate you and when they exclude you and revile you and spurn your name as evil, on account of the Son of Man. 23 Rejoice in that day, and leap for joy, for look, your reward is great in heaven; for their fathers used to do the same things to the prophets.

Jesus Pronounces Woes

24 “But woe to you who are rich, for you have received your consolation.

25 “Woe to you who are full now, for you shall be hungry.

“Woe to you who laugh now, for you shall mourn and weep.

26 “Woe to you, when all men speak well of you, for their fathers used to do the same things to the false prophets.

Love Your Enemies

27 “But I say to you who hear, love your enemies, do good to those who hate you, 28 bless those who curse you, pray for those who mistreat  you. 29 To one who strikes you on the cheek, offer the other also, and from one who takes away your cloak do not withhold your tunic[37] either. 30 Give to everyone who asks you, and from the one who takes away your things, do not ask for them back. 31 And just as you want men to do to you, do likewise to them.

32 If you love those who love you, what credit is that to you? For even sinners love those who love them. 33 And If you do good to those who do good to you, what credit is that to you? For even sinners do the same. 34 And if you lend to those from whom you expect to receive, what credit is that to you? Even sinners lend to sinners in order to receive back the same amount. 35 But love your enemies, and do good, and lend, expecting nothing in return, and your reward will be great, and you will be sons of the Most High, for he is kind to the ungrateful and the evil men. 36 Be merciful, just as your Father is merciful.

Stop Judging Others

37 “Do not judge, and you will never[38] be judged; and do not condemn, and you will never be condemned; pardon,[39] and you will be pardoned. 38 give, and it will be given to you. Good measure, pressed down, shaken together, running over, will be put into your lap. For with the measure that you are measuring out, they will measure out to you in return.”

39 And he also spoke a parable to them: “A blind man cannot guide a blind man, can he? Will they not both fall into a pit? 40 A disciple is not above his teacher, but everyone when he is fully trained will be like his teacher. 41 Why do you look at the speck that is in your brother’s eye, but do not notice the log that is in your own eye? 42 Or how can you say to your brother, ‘Brother, let me take out the speck that is in your eye,’ when you yourself do not see the log that is in your own eye? You hypocrite, first take the log out of your own eye, and then you will see clearly to take out the speck that is in your brother’s eye.

A Tree and Its Fruit

43 “For there is no good tree that produces bad fruit, nor on the other hand a bad tree that produces good fruit, 44 for each tree is known by its own fruit. For figs are not gathered from thorn bushes, nor are grapes picked from a bramble bush. 45 The good man brings good out of the good treasure of his heart, but a wicked man brings what is wicked out of his wicked treasure; for out of the abundance of the heart his mouth speaks.

Build Your House on the Rock

46 “Why do you call me ‘Lord, Lord,’ and not do what I tell you? 47 Everyone who comes to me and hears my words and does them, I will show you what he is like: 48 he is like a man building a house, who dug deep and laid the foundation on the rock. And when a flood arose, the river  broke against that house and could not shake it, because it had been well built. 49 But the one who hears and does not do them is like a man who built a house on the ground without a foundation. When the river broke against it, immediately it fell, and the ruin of that house was great.”

Jesus Heals a Centurion's Slave

7 When he had completed all his sayings in the hearing of the people, he entered Capernaum. And a centurion’s[40] slave, who was highly regarded[41] by him, was sick and about to die. When he heard about Jesus, he sent some older men of the Jews[42] asking him to come and bring his slave safely through.[43] And when they came to Jesus, they began to plead with him earnestly, saying, “He is worthy that you grant this for him, for he loves our nation, and he is the one who built us our synagogue.” And Jesus went with them. When he was not far from the house, the centurion sent friends, saying to him, “Lord, do not trouble yourself, for I am not worthy to have you come under my roof. For this reason I do not consider myself worthy to come to you. But say the word and my slave must be healed. For I also am a man placed under authority, who has soldiers under me, and I say to this one, ‘Go!’ and he goes, and to another one, ‘Come!’ and he comes, and to my slave, ‘Do this!’ and he does it.” And when Jesus heard these things, he marveled at him, and turning around to the crowd that was following him, he said, “I tell you, not even in Israel have I found such great faith.” 10 And when those who had been sent returned to the house, they found the servant in good health.

Jesus Raises a Widow's Son

11 Soon afterward he went to a city called Nain, and his disciples and a large crowd went with him. 12 As he drew near to the gate of the town, look, a man who had died was being carried out, the only son of his mother, and she was a widow, and a sizeable crowd from the town was with her. 13 And when the Lord saw her, he had compassion on her and said to her, “Do not weep.” 14 Then he came up and touched the bier, and the bearers stood still. And he said, “Young man, I say to you, arise.” 15 And the dead man sat up and began to speak, and Jesus gave him to his mother. 16 Fear seized them all, and they glorified God, saying, “A great prophet has arisen among us!” and “God has visited his people!” 17 And this report about him went out in the whole of Judea and all the surrounding country.

John the Baptist Praised

18 The disciples of John reported all these things to him. And John, 19 calling two of his disciples to him, sent them to the Lord, saying, “Are you the one who is to come, or shall we look for another?” 20 And when the men had come to him, they said, “John the Baptist has sent us to you, saying, ‘Are you the one who is to come, or shall we look for another?’” 21 In that hour he healed many people of diseases and plagues and evil spirits, and on many who were blind he bestowed sight. 22 And he answered and said them, “Go and tell John what you have seen and heard: the blind receive their sight, the lame walk, lepers[44] are cleansed, and the deaf hear, the dead are raised up, the poor have good news preached to them. 23 And blessed is the one who is not offended by me.”

24 And when the messengers of John had departed, he began to speak to the crowds concerning John: “What did you go out into the wilderness to see? A reed shaken by the wind? 25 But what did you go out to see? A man dressed in soft clothing? Look, those who are in splendid clothing and luxury are in the royal palaces. 26 But what did you go out to see? A prophet? Yes, I tell you, and even more than a prophet. 27 This is he of whom it is written,

“‘Look, I send my messenger before your face, who will prepare your way before you.’

28 I tell you, among those born of women none is greater than John. Yet the one who is least in the kingdom of God is greater than he.” 29 (And when all the people, including the tax collectors, heard this, they declared the righteousness of God, because they had been baptized with the baptism of John. 30 But the Pharisees and the lawyers rejected the purpose of God for themselves, not having been baptized by him.)

31 “To what then shall I compare the people of this generation, and what are they like? 32 They are like children sitting in the marketplace and calling to one another,

“‘We played the flute for you, and you did not dance; we sang a dirge, and you did not weep.’

33 For John the Baptist has come eating no bread and drinking no wine, and you say, ‘He has a demon!’ 34 The Son of Man has come eating and drinking, and you say, ‘Look at him! A glutton and a drunkard, a friend of tax collectors and sinners!’ 35 Yet wisdom is vindicated by all her children.”

A Sinful Woman Forgiven

36 Now a certain one of the Pharisees kept asking him to eat with him, and he entered the house of the Pharisee and reclined at the table. 37 And behold, a woman in the town who was a sinner,[45] when she learned that he was reclining at a meal in the house of the Pharisee, and she brought an alabaster jar of perfumed oil, 38 and standing behind him at his feet, weeping, she began to wet his feet with her tears, and kept wiping them with the hair of her head, and kissing his feet and anointing them with the perfume oil. 39 Now when the Pharisee who had invited him saw this, he said to himself, “If this man were a prophet he would have known who and what sort of woman this is who is touching him, for she is a sinner.”[46]

The Parable of the Two Debtors

40 And Jesus answering said to him, “Simon, I have something to say to you.” And he said, “Say it, Teacher.” 41 “Two debtors owed a certain moneylender; the one owed five hundred denarii,[47] and the other fifty. 42 When they were unable to repay, he graciously forgave them both. So which of them will love him more?” 43 Simon answered and said, “I suppose the one whom he forgave more.” And he said to him, “You have judged correctly.”

44 Turning toward the woman he said to Simon, “Do you see this woman? I entered your house; you gave me no water for my feet, but she has wet my feet with her tears and wiped them with her hair. 45 You gave me no kiss, but from the time I came in she has not ceased to kiss my feet. 46 You did not anoint my head with oil, but she anointed my feet with perfumed oil. 47 For this reason I say to you, her sins, which are many, have been forgiven, for she loved much; but he who is forgiven little, loves little.” 48 Then he said to her: “Your sins are forgiven.” 49 Those who were reclining at the table with him began to say among[48] themselves, “Who is this man who even forgives sins?” 50 And he said to the woman, “Your faith has saved you; go in peace.”

Women Accompanying Jesus

8 Soon afterward he went on through cities and villages, proclaiming and bringing the good news of the kingdom of God. And the twelve were with him, and also some women who had been healed of evil spirits and sicknesses: Mary, called Magdalene, from whom seven demons had gone out, and Joanna, the wife of Chuza, Herod's household manager, and Susanna, and many others, who provided for them out of their means.

The Parable of the Sower

And when a large crowd had gathered together with those who went to him from city to city, he spoke by means of a parable, “The sower went out to sow his seed, and while he was sowing, some seed fell alongside the road and was trampled under foot, and the birds of the heaven devoured it. And other seed fell on the rock, and as it grew up, it withered away, because it had no moisture. Other seed fell among the thorns; and the thorns grew up with it and choked it. And other seed fell into good soil and grew and yielded a hundredfold.” As he said these things, he called out, “He who has ears to hear, let him hear.”

Why Jesus Used Parables

And when his disciples asked him what this parable meant, 10 And he said, “To you it has been given to know the secrets of the kingdom of God, but to the rest they are in parables, so that ‘seeing they may not see, and hearing they may not understand.’ 11 Now the parable is this: the seed is the word of God. 12 The ones along the road are those who have heard; then the devil comes and takes away the word from their heart, so that they may not believe and be saved. 13 And the ones on the rock are those who, when they hear the word, receive it with joy; but these have no root; they believe for a while, and in time of testing fall away. 14 And as for what fell among the thorns, these are the ones who hear, but as they go on their way they are choked with anxieties and riches and pleasures of life, and they do not bring fruit to maturity. 15 And as for that in the good soil, these are the one who, hearing the word, hold it fast in an honest and good heart, and bear fruit with patience.[49]

A Lamp Under a Jar

16 “And no one, after lighting a lamp, covers it with a jar or puts it under a bed, but puts it on a lampstand, so that those who come in may see the light. 17 For nothing is hidden that will not be made manifest, nor is anything secret that will not be known and come to light. 18 Therefore, take care how you listen; for whoever has, to him more shall be given; and whoever does not have, even what he thinks he has shall be taken away from him.”

Jesus' Mother and Brothers

19 Now his mother and brothers came to him, and they were not able to meet with him because of the crowd. 20 And he was told, “Your mother and your brothers are standing outside, desiring to see you.” 21 But he answered and said to them, “My mother and my brothers are these who hear the word of God and do it.”

Jesus Calms a Storm

22 Now it happened that on one of the days both he and his disciples got into a boat, and he said to them, “Let us cross over to the other side of the lake.” So they set out, 23 and as they were sailing, he fell asleep. And a storm of wind came down on the lake, and they were being swamped and were in danger. 24 And they went and woke him, saying, “Master, Master, we are perishing!” And he awoke and rebuked the wind and the raging waves, and they ceased, and there was a calm. 25 And he said to them, “Where is your faith?” But they were afraid and were astonished, saying to one another, “Who then is this, that he commands even the winds and the water and they obey him?”

Jesus Heals a Man with a Demon

26 And they sailed to the region of the Gerasenes,[50] which is opposite Galilee. 27 And when he got out on the land, a certain man from the town met him who had demons and for a long time had not worn clothes and did not live in a house, but among the tombs. 28 And when he saw Jesus, he cried out, fell down before him, and said with a loud voice, “What do I have to do with you,[51] Jesus, Son of the Most High God? I beg you, do not torment me.” 29 For he had commanded the unclean spirit to come out of the man. (For many a time it had seized him; and he was kept under guard and bound with chains and shackles, but he would break the bonds and be driven by the demon into the desert.) 30 Jesus then asked him, “What is your name?” And he said, “Legion,” for many demons had entered him. 31 And they kept imploring him that he would not command them to depart into the abyss.[52] 32 Now a large herd of swine was feeding there on the mountain, so they pleaded with him to permit them to enter into them, and he gave them permission. 33 And the demons came out of the man and went into the swine, and the herd rushed over the steep bank into the lake and drowned.

34 When the herdsmen saw what had happened, they ran away and reported it in the city and out in the country. 35 So they went out to see what had happened, and they came to Jesus, and found the man from whom the demons had gone out, sitting down at the feet of Jesus, clothed and in his right mind, and they were afraid. 36 Those who had seen it reported to them how the man who was demon-possessed had been healed. 37 And all the people of the surrounding region of the Gerasenes[53] asked him to depart from them, for they had been seized with great fear. So he got into the boat and returned. 38 But the man from whom the demons had gone out was begging him to stay with him, but he sent him away, saying, 39 “Return to your home, and declare how much God has done for you.” And he went away, proclaiming throughout the whole city how much Jesus had done for him.

Jesus Heals a Woman and Jairus's Daughter

40 Now when Jesus returned, the crowd welcomed him, for they were all waiting for him. 41 And behold, a man who was named Jairus came, and this man was a ruler of the synagogue. And he fell down at the feet of Jesus and began imploring him to come to his house, 42 for he had an only daughter, about twelve years old, and she was dying. Now as he was going, the crowds were pressing against him.

43 And there was a woman who had had a flow of blood for twelve years,[54] and could not be healed by anyone, 44 having come up behind she and touched the fringe of his garment, and immediately her flow of blood stopped. 45 And Jesus said, “Who is the one who touched me?” And when they all denied it, Peter said, “Master, the crowds are surrounding you and are pressing in on you!” 46 But Jesus said, “Someone touched me, for I perceive that power has gone out from me.” 47 And when the woman saw that she did not escape notice, she came trembling and falling down before him. In the presence of all the people, she told for what reason she had touched him, and that she was healed immediately. 48 And he said to her, “Daughter, your faith has saved you;[55] Go in peace.”

49 While he was still speaking, someone came from the synagogue ruler’s house, saying, “Your daughter is dead; trouble the Teacher no more!” 50 But Jesus on hearing this answered him, “Do not fear; only believe, and she will be made well.” 51 Now when he came to the house, he did not allow anyone to enter with him except Peter and John and James and the father and mother of the child. 52 And they were all weeping and mourning for her, but he said, “Do not weep, for she is not dead, but is sleeping.” 53 And they began laughing at him, because they knew that she was dead. 54 But he took her hand and called, saying, “Child, get up.” 55 And her spirit returned, and she got up at once, and he directed that something should be given her to eat. 56 And her parents were astounded, but he ordered them to tell no one what had happened.

Jesus Sends Out the Twelve Apostles

9 And he called the twelve together and gave them power and authority over all demons and to cure diseases, and he sent them out to proclaim the kingdom of God and to heal.[56] And he said to them, “Take nothing for your journey, neither a staff, nor bag, nor bread, nor money; and do not have two tunics. And whatever house you enter, stay there, and from there depart. And wherever they do not receive you, when you leave that town shake off the dust from your feet as a testimony against them.” So they departed and went throughout the villages, proclaiming the good news and healing everywhere.

Herod Is Perplexed by Jesus

Now Herod the tetrarch heard about all that was happening, and he was greatly perplexed, because it was said by some that John has been raised from the dead, by some that Elijah had appeared, and by others that one of the prophets of old had risen. And Herod said, “John I beheaded, but who is this about whom I hear such things?” And he was wanting to see him.

Jesus Feeds the Five Thousand

10 And when they returned, the apostles described to him all that they had done. And he took them along and withdrew privately to a town called Bethsaida. 11 But when the crowds found out, they followed him, and he welcomed them and spoke to them of the kingdom of God and cured those who had need of healing. 12 Now the day began to wear away, and the twelve came and said to him, “Send the crowd away to go into the surrounding villages and countryside to find lodging and get provisions, for we are here in a desolate place.” 13 But he said to them, “You give them something to eat!” And they said, “We have no more than five loaves and two fish, unless perhaps we go and purchase food for all these people.” 14 (For there were about five thousand men.) So he said to his disciples, “Have them sit down in groups of about fifty each.” 15 And they did so, and had them all sit down. 16 And taking the five loaves and the two fish, and looking up to heaven, he gave thanks and broke them and kept giving them to the disciples to set before the crowd. 17 And they all ate and were satisfied. And what was left over was picked up, twelve baskets of broken pieces.

Peter Confesses Jesus as the Christ

18 Now it happened that while he was praying alone, the disciples were with him. And he asked them, saying, “Who do the crowds say that I am?” 19 And they answered and said, “John the Baptist, but others, Elijah, and others, that one of the prophets of old has risen.” 20 And he said to them, “But who do you say that I am?” And Peter answered and said, “The Christ of God.”

Jesus Foretells His Death

21 But he warned and commanded them to tell this to no one, 22 saying, “The Son of Man must suffer many things and be rejected by the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and to be raised on the third day.”

Take Up Your Cross and Follow Jesus

23 And he was saying to them all, “If anyone wants to come after me, let him disown himself, and take up his cross day after day and keep following me. 24 For whoever wants to save his soul[57] will lose it, but whoever loses his soul[58] for my sake, is the one who will save it. 25 “For what is a man profited if he gains the whole world, and loses or forfeits himself? 26 For whoever is ashamed of me and of my words, of him will the Son of Man be ashamed when he comes in his glory and the glory of the Father and of the holy angels. 27 But I tell you truly, there are some standing here who will never[59] taste death until they see the kingdom of God.”

The Transfiguration

28 Now it happened that about eight days after these words, he took along Peter and John and James and went up on the mountain to pray. 29 And as he was praying, the appearance of his face was altered, and his clothing became glitteringly white.[60] 30 And look, two men were talking with him, who were Moses and Elijah, 31 who appeared in glory and spoke of his departure, which he was about to accomplish at Jerusalem. 32 Now Peter and those who were with him were heavy with sleep, but when they were fully awake they saw his glory and the two men who stood with him. 33 And as these were departing from him, Peter said to Jesus, “Instructor, it is good for us to be here. Let us make three tents, one for you, one for Moses, and one for Elijah,” not knowing what he was saying. 34 And while he was saying these things, a cloud came and overshadowed them, and they were afraid as they entered the cloud. 35 And a voice came out of the cloud, saying, “This is my Son, my Chosen One; listen to him!” 36 And when the voice had spoken, Jesus was found alone. And they kept silent and told no one in those days anything of what they had seen.

Jesus Heals a Boy with an Unclean Spirit

37 On the next day, when they came down from the mountain, a large crowd met him. 38 And look, a man from the crowd cried out, saying, “Teacher, I beg you to look at my son, because he is my only son! 39 And look! a spirit seizes him, and suddenly he cries out, and it throws him into convulsions with foaming at the mouth, and only with difficulty does it leave him after bruising him. 40 And I begged your disciples to cast it out, but they could not.” 41 Jesus answered and said, “O unbelieving and perverted generation, how long will I be with you and put up with you? Bring your son here here.” 42 And while he was still approaching, the demon threw him down and convulsed him. But Jesus rebuked the unclean spirit and healed the boy, and gave him back to his father. 43 And all were astounded[61] at the majesty of God.

Jesus’ Death again Foretold

But while they were all marveling at all the things he was doing, he said to his disciples, 44 “Let these words sink into your ears: The Son of Man is about to be delivered into the hands of men.” 45 But they did not understand this saying, and it was concealed from them, so that they might not perceive it. And they were afraid to ask him about this saying.

Who Is the Greatest?

46 An argument arose among them as to which of them was the greatest. 47 But Jesus, knowing the reasoning of their hearts, took a child and stood him by his side 48 and said to them, “Whoever receives this child in my name receives me, and whoever receives me receives him who sent me. For he who is least[62] among you all is the one who is great.”

Anyone Not Against Us Is For Us

49 John answered, “Instructor we saw someone casting out demons in your name, and we tried to stop him, because he does not follow with us.” 50 But Jesus said to him, “Do not hinder him, for the one who is not against you is for you.”

A Samaritan Village Rejects Jesus

51 When the days drew near for him to be taken up, he set his face to go to Jerusalem. 52 And he sent messengers before him, and they went and entered into a village of the Samaritans, to make preparations for him. 53 But the people did not receive him, because his face was set toward Jerusalem. 54 And when his disciples James and John saw it, they said, “Lord, do you want us to call fire to come down from heaven and consume them?” 55 But he turned and rebuked them. 56 And they went on to another village.

The Cost of Following Jesus

57 As they were going along the road, someone said to him, “I will follow you wherever you go.” 58 And Jesus said to him, “Foxes have holes, and birds of the air have nests, but the Son of Man has nowhere to lay his head.” 59 To another he said, “Follow me.” But he said, “Lord, permit me first to go and bury my father.” 60 But he said to him, “Leave the dead to bury their own dead. But you go and proclaim the kingdom of God.” 61 Yet another said, “I will follow you, Lord, but permit me to say farewell to those at my home.” 62 Jesus said to him, “No man who puts his hand to the plow and looks back is fit for the kingdom of God.”

Jesus Sends Out the Seventy-Two

10 Now after these things the Lord appointed seventy-two[63] others and sent them on ahead of him, two by two, into every city and place where he himself was about to go. Then he was saying to them: “The harvest, indeed, is great, but the workers are few; therefore beg the Master of the harvest to send out workers into his harvest. Go! Look! I am sending you out as lambs in the midst of wolves. Carry no moneybag, no food pouch, no sandals, and greet no one along the road. Whatever house you enter, first say, ‘Peace be to this house!’ And if a son of peace is there, your peace will rest upon him. But if not, it will return to you. And remain in the same house, eating and drinking what they provide,[64] for the worker is worthy of his wages. Do not keep moving from house to house. Whenever you enter a city and they receive you, eat what is set before you. And heal the sick in it and say to them, ‘The kingdom of God has come near to you.’ 10 But whatever city you enter and they do not receive you, go out into its streets and say, 11 ‘Even the dust of your city that clings to our feet we wipe off against you. Nevertheless know this, that the kingdom of God has come near.’ 12 I tell you, it will be more endurable on that day for Sodom than for that city.

Woe to Unrepentant Cities

13 “Woe to you, Chorazin! Woe to you, Bethsaida! For if the powerful works done in you had been done in Tyre and Sidon, they would have repented long ago, sitting in sackcloth and ashes. 14 But it will be more tolerable for Tyre and Sidon in the judgment than for you. 15 And you, Capernaum, will you be exalted to heaven? You will be brought down to Hades.

16 “The one who listens to you listens to me, and the one who rejects you rejects me, and the one who rejects me rejects the one who sent me.”

The Return of the Seventy-Two

17 The seventy-two[65] returned with joy, saying, “Lord, even the demons are subject to us in your name!” 18 And he said to them, “I saw Satan fall like lightning from heaven. 19 Look, I have given you the authority to tread on snakes and scorpions, and over all the power of the enemy, and nothing will ever[66] harm you. 20 Nevertheless, do not rejoice in this, that the spirits are subject to you, but rejoice that your names are inscribed in heaven.”

Jesus Rejoices in the Father's Will

21 In that same hour he rejoiced in the Holy Spirit and said, “I thank you, Father, Lord of heaven and earth, that you have hidden these things from the wise and intelligent and revealed them to young children. Yes, Father, for this way was well-pleasing in your sight. 22 All things have been handed over to me by my Father, and no one knows who the Son is except the Father, or who the Father is except the Son and anyone to whom the Son chooses to reveal him.”

23 Then  turning to the disciples, he said privately, “Blessed are the eyes that see the things which you see! 24 For I tell you that many prophets and kings desired to see the things which you see, and did not see them, and to hear the things which you hear, and did not hear them.”

The Parable of the Good Samaritan

25 And behold, a lawyer[67] stood up to put him to the test, saying, “Teacher, what shall I do to inherit eternal life?” 26 And he said to him, “What is written in the Law? How do you read it?” 27 And he answered, “You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength and with all your mind, and your neighbor as yourself.” 28 And he said to him, “You have answered correctly; do this, and you will live.”

29 But he, desiring to justify himself, said to Jesus, “And who is my neighbor?” 30 Jesus replied and said, “A man was going down from Jerusalem to Jericho, and he fell among robbers, who stripped him and laid blows upon and departed, leaving him half dead. 31 Now by coincidence a certain priest was going down on that road, and when he saw him, he passed by on the other side. 32 Likewise a Levite also, when he came to the place and saw him, passed by on the other side. 33 But a Samaritan, who was on a journey, came upon him; and when he saw him, he felt compassion, 34 and came to him and bandaged up his wounds, pouring oil and wine on them; and he put him on his own beast, and brought him to an inn and took care of him. 35 And on the next day, he took out two denarii[68] and gave them to the innkeeper, and said, “Take care of him; and whatever more you spend, when I return I will repay you.’ 36 Which of these three, do you think, proved to be a neighbor to the man who fell among the robbers?” 37 And he said, “The one who showed mercy toward him.” Then Jesus said to him, “Go and do likewise.”

Martha and Mary

38 While they were traveling, he entered a village, and a woman named Martha welcomed him into her home. 39 She had a sister called Mary, who was seated at the feet of the Lord, listening to his word. 40 But Martha was distracted with much serving, and she came up to him and said, “Lord, is it not a concern to you that my sister has left me alone to serve? Then tell her that she should help me.” 41 But the Lord answered and said to her, “Martha, Martha, you are anxious and troubled about many things, 42 but one thing is necessary. Mary has chosen the good portion, which will not be taken away from her.”

The Lord's Prayer

11 And it happened that while he was in a certain place praying, when he stopped , one of his disciples said to him, “Lord, teach us to pray, just as John also taught his disciples.” And he said to them, “When you pray, say:

“Father, hallowed be your name. Your kingdom come. Give us each day our daily bread, and forgive us our sins, for we ourselves forgive everyone who is indebted to us. And lead us not into temptation.”

And he said to them, “Which of you who has a friend will go to him at midnight and say to him, ‘Friend, lend me three loaves; for a friend of mine has come to me from a journey, and I have nothing to set before him’; and he will answer from inside and say, ‘Do not bother me; the door is now shut, and my children are with me in bed. I cannot get up and give you anything.’ I tell you, even though he will not get up and give him anything because he is his friend, yet because of his shameless persistence he will get up and give him as much as he needs. And I say to you, keep on asking, and it will be given you; keep on seeking, and you will find; keep on knocking, and it will be opened to you. 10 For everyone asking receives, and he who is seeking finds; and to him who is knocking, it will be opened. 11 Which among you who is a father, if a son asks for a fish,[69] he will instead give him a serpent; 12 or if he asks for an egg, he will give him a scorpion? 13 If you then, being evil, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will your heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit to those who ask him?”

[1] Lit in their days

[2] Or intoxicating drink

[3] Lit in her days

[4] Or she kept herself secluded

[5] Being barren in that culture, Elizabeth would have been viewed as an object of reproach. Therefore, she gave thanks to the Lord for giving her a child even though she was “advanced in years.” (1:19) This was a common theme in the Old Testament with Sarah (Gen. 21:6), Rachel (Gen. 30:23), and Hannah. (1 Sam. 1-2) Hence, ‘the Lord looked upon Elizabeth with favor.’

[6] Nazareth: (Gr. Nazareth) Nazareth is a secluded town in the lower central part of Galilee, where Jesus lived most of his earthly life, along with his half-brothers and half-sisters. (Lu 2:51, 52; Matt. 13:54-56).

[7] Virgin: (Gr. parthenos) In the Jewish culture “virgins” were young women (maidens), who were fourteen years of age or younger. The Greek can refer to a female virgin (Matt. 1:23; 25:1, 7, 11; Lu 1:27, 27; Ac 21:9; 1 Cor. 7:25, 28, 34, 36, 37, 38; 2 Cor. 11:2) or a male virgin (Rev. 14:4) However, it can also refer to an unmarried person who is not necessarily a virgin. (1 Cor. 7:25) Yet, the main use of this term in the NT is speaking of a young woman, who has reached puberty but is not married and has never had sexual intercourse, i.e., a virgin.

[8] Betrothed: (Gr. mnēsteuomai) This refers to a person who was promised in marriage. The Greek means ‘to be engaged, to be promised in marriage.’ According to ancient cultural customs of the Jewish people, “to be betrothed to a man,” namely, engaged, was to be legally bound to a future marriage. The engaged couple were already viewed as though they were already married, which means they could not just break off the engagement but rather would have to by law, seek a bill of divorce. (Matt. 1:19) It was so binding that the young woman could not marry another until she was freed by due process of law. Even though a young Jewish couple was viewed as already being married, they did not begin living together as husband and wife until after the wedding formalities. – Matt. 1:18; Lu 1:27; 2:5.

[9] I.e. I am not having sexual relations with a man

[10] Or believed, for there will be

[11] I.e. My whole being

[12] Thought(s), Intention, Purpose: (dianoia) This is referring to the mind, the place of reason, understanding thinking (Eph. 4:18), a mental disposition, a way of thinking, a manner of thought (Col. 1:21). It also can refer to the thought(s), that is, the content of what one is thinking. (Lu 1:51) It can also refer to preparing one’s mind for action (mental perception). – 1 Pet. 1:13.

[13] Publius Sulpicius Quirinius, a distinguished Roman senator, is mentioned only once in the Bible. Quirinius served as governor (or, legate) in Syria for two distinct terms.

[14] Question, Ask Question: (eperotao; erotao) The Greek word eperotao, which means to ask, to question, to demand of, for “questioning” was far more than the Greek word erotao, which meant to ask, to request, to entreat, such as a boy’s inquisitiveness. Eperotao refer to questioning, which one might hear in a judicial hearing, such as a scrutiny, inquiry, counter questioning, even probing question, a sort of interrogation.

[15] Astounded: (Gr. ekplēssō) This is one who is extremely astounded or amazed, so much so that they lose their mental self-control, as they are overwhelmed emotionally. – Matt. 7:28; Mark 1:22; 7:37; Lu 2:48; 4:32; 9:43; Ac 13:12.

[16] A quotation from Isa 40:3-5

[17] Ie an extra garment

[18] Other mss read Sala

[19] P75 and D do not contain “son of Cainan,” in agreement with Gen. 10:24; Gen. 11:12, 15; 1Ch 1:18. Some manuscripts contain a second “Cainan,” between Arphaxad and Shelah. (Lu 3:35-36; compare Gen 10:24; 11:12; 1Ch 1:18, 24.) Most scholars take this to be a copyist’s error. “Cainan” is not found in this same position in the Hebrew Scriptures, the Samaritan texts, nor the Targums, but it is found in the Greek Septuagint (Alexandrine Manuscript of the fifth century C.E.). However, it seems likely that it was not in the earlier copies of the Septuagint, as Josephus, who normally follows the Septuagint, lists Seles (Shelah) next as the son of Arphaxades (Arpachshad). (Jewish Antiquities, I, 146 [vi, 4]) Irenaeus, Africanus, Eusebius, and Jerome rejected the second “Cainan” in copies of Luke’s account as an interpolation. Arpachshad was the father of Shelah. (Genesis 10:24; 11:12) The weightiest manuscripts with the exception of P75 support the inclusion of the expression “son of Cainan;” therefore, it is in almost all Bible translations. Let’s just say, the issue does not lie with Luke as though he somehow made a mistake or that he may have used a faulty manuscript, as he was moved along by the Holy Spirit. While this could likely be a copyist error, the weightiest textual evidence says that it “son of Cainan” is original. It is possible that “Cainan” at Luke 3:36 is possibly a corruption of the term “Chaldeans.” If it was; then, the original text could have read, “the son of Chaldean Arpachshad.” Then, again, it is possible that P75 and D are the original reading. P75 is the absolute best Greek NT manuscript, the weightiest of them all. It is for this reason that the Updated American Standard Version has placed [the son of Cainan] in square brackets, which indicates that there is some doubt as to its originality.

[20] Quotation from Deuteronomy 8:3

[21] Or a roll

[22] Or roll

[23] Or the gospel

[24] Or roll

[25] Leprosy: (Heb. tsaraath; Gr. lepros) is a disease mainly affecting the skin and nerves that can cause tissue change and, in severe cases, loss of sensation and disfigurement. In Bible times, it could affect homes and clothing as well as humans. It is transmitted following close personal contact and has an incubation period of 1-30 years. – Lev. 13:1-46; Deut. 24:8; 2 Ki 5:3, 6, 7, 27; 2 Ch. 26:19; Matt. 8:2; 10:8; 11:5; 26:6; Mark 1:40; 14:3; Lu 4:27; 7:22; 17:12.

[26] Astounded: (Gr. ekplēssō) This is one who is extremely astounded or amazed, so much so that they lose their mental self-control, as they are overwhelmed emotionally. – Matt. 7:28; Mark 1:22; 7:37; Lu 2:48; 4:32; 9:43; Ac 13:12.

[27] Lit What is there to us and to you, which is a Hebrew idiom; a revolting question indicating objection. It is found in the Hebrew Scriptures, namely, in Josh. 22:24; Judg. 11:12; 2Sa 16:10; 19:22; 1 Ki 17:18; 2 Ki 3:13; 2 Ch. 35:21; Hos. 14:8. The demons are asking in a disgusted tone, ‘what do we have in common with you?’ In the Greek New Testament, it is found in in Matt. 8:29; Mk 1:24; 5:7; Lu 4:34; 8:28; John 2:4.

[28] Astonished: (Gr. thambeō; derivative of thambos) This is one who is experiencing astonishment, to be astounded, or amazed as a result of some sudden and unusual event, which can be in a positive or negative sense.–Mark 1:27; 10:32; Lu 4:36; 5:9; Acts 3:10.

[29] Lit about her

[30] Astonished: (Gr. thambeō; derivative of thambos) This is one who is experiencing astonishment, to be astounded, or amazed as a result of some sudden and unusual event, which can be in a positive or negative sense. – Mark 1:27; 10:32; Lu 4:36; 5:9; Acts 3:10.

[31] I.e. covered with leprosy

[32] Sinner: (hamartōlos) In the Scriptures “sinners” is generally used in a more specific way, that is, referring to those willfully living in sin, practicing sin, or have a reputation of sinning.–Matt. 9:10; Mark 2:15; Luke 5:30; 7:37-39; John 9:16; Rom. 3:7; Gal. 2:15; 1 Tim. 1:15; Heb. 7:26; Jam. 4:8; 1 Pet 4:18; Jude 1:15.

[33] Lit sons of the bridal-chamber

[34] ἐν σαββάτῳ “on the Sabbath” is the original reading based on the earliest and best manuscripts. (𝔓4 𝔓75 א B L W f 33 cop[34]). Another reading εν σαββατω δευτεροπρωτω “on the second-first Sabbath” has a few early manuscripts (A C D Θ Ψ f Maj), but is the result of a scribal error.

[35] I.e. fortunate or prosperous

[36] “Blessed are those who [are poor in spirit] recognize that they are spiritually helpless …” (GOD’S WORD Translation) The Greek word ptochos means “beggar.” The “poor in spirit” is an alternative literal rendering. The meaning is that the “beggar/poor in spirit” is aware of his or her spiritual needs, as if a beggar or the poor would be aware of their physical needs.

[37] This (Gr. chiton) is a long garment worn under the cloak next to the skin.

[38] This combination of two Greek negative particles ο µ (ou mē) and the aorist subjunctive with reference to a future event is the strongest negation possible in Greek, meaning absolutely not at all, in no way, by no means in any way to something in the future, this being known as the Subjunctive of Emphatic Negation.

[39] Lit release

[40] I.e., army officer over a hundred solderiers

[41] Lit to whom he was honorable

[42] Or Jewish elders

[43] I.e., save the life of his slave

[44] Leprosy was a term that applied to several skin diseases.

[45] Sinner: (hamartōlos) In the Scriptures “sinners” is generally used in a more specific way, that is, referring to those willfully living in sin, practicing sin, or have a reputation of sinning.–Matt. 9:10; Mark 2:15; Luke 5:30; 7:37-39; John 9:16; Rom. 3:7; Gal. 2:15; 1 Tim. 1:15; Heb. 7:26; Jam. 4:8; 1 Pet 4:18; Jude 1:15.

[46] I.e., Immoral woman

[47] Denarius: (dēnarion; Roman, silver) The denarius was equivalent to a day’s wages for a common laborer (12 hours). It was sixty-four quadrantes. It had an image of Caesar on one side. It was the “head tax” coin demanded by the Roman government from their subjects.–Matt. 20:2, 9; Mark 14:5; Lu 10:35; 20:24; John 6:7; Rev. 6:6.

[48] Or to

[49] Or endurance; patient endurance.

[50] The earliest and best manuscripts (P75 B D) support the original reading Gerasenes; others (א L Θ Ξ f1 33) Gadarenes; others (A W Ψ f Maj) Gergesenes.

[51] Lit what to me and to you

[52] Abyss: (Gr. abussos) It is a very deep place, which is rendered “the bottomless pit” in some versions (KJV). This is found the NT and refers to a place or condition, where Satan and his demons will be confined for a thousand years. (Rev. 20:1-3) Abaddon rules over the abyss (Rev. 9:11) The beast is of Satan’s design and will rise from the abyss in the last days. (Rev. 11:7) The beast will go off into destruction. (Rev 17:8) It is used at times to refer to the grave as well. – Lu 8:31; Rom. 10:7; Rev. 20:3.

[53] The earliest and best manuscripts (𝔓75 B C* D 0279) support the original reading Gerasenes; others (א*, (C) L P Θ f1, 33) Gadarenes; others (א2 A W Ψ Maj) Gergesenes.

[54] Convincing Evidence P75 B (D) 0279 syrs copsa Origen, a widespread grouping of manuscripts that is very compelling, which indicates that this is an even higher-level proof that the shorter reading (“who could not be healed by anyone”) could have been original in that it is enough to accept something as substantially far more likely than not unless proven otherwise. The longer reading is also suggestive of the synoptic parallel in Mark 5:26, which means that it is very much likely that a scribe condensed the words of Mark. The expanded reading [ἰατροῖς προσαναλώσασα ὅλον τὸν βίον; spent all her living on physicians] is supported by א A C L W Θ Ξ Ψ f1, 33 Maj. While the longer reading is found in the Nestle-Alans text, it is bracketed because of uncertainty about whether it should be included. The early, weighty, and widespread witnesses make the longer reading very much unlikely. It is simply the case of a later scribe(s) harmonizing the Gospel Luke with the Gospel of Mark.

[55] Or made you well

[56] The shorter text, without τοὺς ἀσθενεῖς (“the sick”), which is supported by B sys.c; McionA gives us considerable weight to the shorter reading. The other readings τους ασθενεις (“the sick”) א A D L Ξ Ψ 070 ƒ1 33. 579. 1241 and τους ασθενουντας (“the weak” or “the sick”) C K W Γ Δ Θ ƒ13 565. 700. 892. 1424 Maj seems to be scribal expansions added by copyists in order to provide an object for the verb. While Metzger's point is well taken that this was Luke's style to have an infinitive followed by an object, when we have two variant readings, this suggests to us that we have copyists expanding the text.

[57] Or life

[58] Or life

[59] This combination of two Greek negative particles ο µ (ou mē) and the aorist subjunctive with reference to a future event is the strongest negation possible in Greek, meaning absolutely not at all, in no way, by no means in any way to something in the future, this being known as the Subjunctive of Emphatic Negation.

[60] I.e. as bright as a flash of lightning

[61] Astounded: (Gr. ekplēssō) This is one who is extremely astounded or amazed, so much so that they lose their mental self-control, as they are overwhelmed emotionally. – Matt. 7:28; Mark 1:22; 7:37; Lu 2:48; 4:32; 9:43; Ac 13:12.

[62] Greek lesser.

[63] The original wording “seventy-two” (ἑβδομήκοντα δύο) in verse 1 of chapter 10 of Luke is found in the earliest extremely good manuscripts (P75 B D 0181 syrc,s copsa) and having diverse support, as well as WH NU GENTI. We have a variant, “seventy” (ἑβδομήκοντα), which is found in early and good manuscripts as well (א A C L W Θ Ξ Ψ f1, Maj) and the TR.

[64] Lit “the things from them”

[65] The original wording “seventy-two” (ἑβδομήκοντα δύο) in verse 17 of chapter 10 of Luke is found in the earliest extremely good manuscripts (P45 P75 B D syrc,s copsa) and having diverse support, as well as WH NU GENTI. We have a variant, “seventy” (ἑβδομήκοντα), which is found in early and good manuscripts as well (א A C L W Θ Ξ Ψ 0115 f1, 33 Maj) and the TR.

[66] This combination of two Greek negative particles ο µ (ou mē) and the aorist subjunctive with reference to a future event is the strongest negation possible in Greek, meaning absolutely not at all, in no way, by no means in any way to something in the future, this being known as the Subjunctive of Emphatic Negation.

[67] That is an expert in the Mosaic Law

[68] Denarius: (dēnarion; Roman, silver) The denarius was equivalent to a day’s wages for a common laborer (12 hours). It was sixty-four quadrantes. It had an image of Caesar on one side. It was the “head tax” coin demanded by the Roman government from their subjects.–Matt. 20:2, 9; Mark 14:5; Lu 10:35; 20:24; John 6:7; Rev. 6:6.

[69] (א) A C (D) L W Θ Ψ f1, 33 Maj read: “if a son asks for bread, will he give him a stone? [if] a fish, will he instead give him a serpent?"