UPDATED AMERICAN STANDARD VERSION

Translating Truth

The Gospel According to Luke

  • Author: Luke
  • Place Written: Caesarea
  • Writing Completed: c. 56–58 C.E.
  • Time Covered: 3 B.C.E.–33 C.E.

Dedication to Theophilus

1 Inasmuch as many have undertaken to compile an account of the things accomplished among us, just as they were handed down to us by those who from the beginning were eyewitnesses and servants of the word, it seemed good to me also, having followed all things accurately from the beginning, to write an orderly account for you, most excellent Theophilus, so that you may know fully the certainty of the things that you have been taught orally.

John the Baptist’s Birth Foretold by Gabriel

In the days of Herod, king of Judea, there was a priest named Zechariah, of the division of Abijah. And he had a wife from the daughters of Aaron, and her name was Elizabeth. They were both righteous in the sight of God, walking blamelessly in all the commandments and requirements of the Lord. But they had no child, because Elizabeth was barren, and both were advanced in years.[1]

And it happened that while he was serving as priest in the order of his division before God, according to the custom of the priesthood, he was chosen by lot to enter the temple of the Lord and burn incense. 10 And the whole multitude of the people were praying outside at the hour of incense offering. 11 And an angel of the Lord appeared to him, standing to the right of the altar of incense. 12 And Zechariah was troubled when he saw him, and fear fell upon him. 13 But the angel said to him, “Do not be afraid, Zechariah, for your prayer has been heard, and your wife Elizabeth will bear you a son, and you will call his name John. 14 And you will have joy and gladness, and many will rejoice at his birth, 15 for he will be great before the Lord; and he will drink no wine or alcoholic drink,[2] and he will be filled with the Holy Spirit, even from the womb of his moher. 16 And he will turn many of the sons of Israel back to the Lord their God. 17 And he himself will go before him in the spirit and power of Elijah, to turn the hearts of the fathers to the children, and the disobedient ones to the wisdom of the righteous ones, to make ready for the Lord a prepared people.”

18 And Zechariah said to the angel, “According to what will I know this? For I am an old man and my wife is advanced in years.”[3] 19 The angel answered and said to him, “I am Gabriel, the one having stood alongside of God, and I was sent to speak to you and to bring you this good news. 20 Yet look, you will be silent and unable to speak until the day that these things take place, because you did not believe my words, which will be fulfilled in their time.” 21 And the people were waiting for Zechariah, and they were wondering at his delay in the temple. 22 And when he came out, he was unable to speak to them; and they realized that he had seen a vision in the temple; and he kept making signs to them and remained mute. 23 And when the days of his priestly service were completed, he went off to his home.

24 After these days Elizabeth his wife became pregnant, and she kept herself hidden[4] for five months, saying 25 “Thus the Lord has dealt with me in these days in which he looked upon me,[5] to take away my reproach among men.”

Jesus’ Birth Foretold by Gabriel

26 In the sixth month, the angel Gabriel was sent by God to a town in Galilee called Nazareth,[6] 27 to a virgin[7] betrothed[8] to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David; and the virgin's name was Mary. 28 And he came to her and said, “Greetings, O favored one, the Lord is with you.” 29 But she was greatly perplexed at the statement, and was pondering what sort of greeting this might be. 30 And the angel said to her, “Do not be afraid, Mary, for you have found favor with God. 31 And behold, you will conceive in your womb and bear a son, and you shall call his name Jesus. 32 He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High; and the Lord God will give to him the throne of his father David; 33 and he will reign over the house of Jacob forever, and his kingdom will have no end.”

34 But Mary said to the angel, “How is this to be, since I know no man?”[9]

35 And the angel answered and said to her, “The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you; and for that reason the one who is born will be called holy, the Son of God. 36 And look, Elizabeth your relative has also conceived a son, in her old age, and this is the sixth month for her, the one who was called barren. 37 For nothing will be impossible with God.” 38 And Mary said, “Look, I am the slave girl of the Lord; may it happen to me according to your word.” And the angel departed from her.

Mary Visits Elizabeth

39 So Mary set out in those days and traveled with haste into the hill country, to a city of Judah,40 and she entered the house of Zechariah and greeted Elizabeth. 41 And when Elizabeth heard the greeting of Mary, the baby leaped in her womb. And Elizabeth was filled with the Holy Spirit. 42 and she cried out with a loud voice and said, “Blessed are you among women, and blessed is the fruit of your womb! 43 And why is this granted to me that the mother of my Lord should come to me? 44 For look, as the sound of your greeting reached my ears, the baby in my womb leaped for joy. 45 And blessed is she who believed that there would be[10] a fulfillment of what was spoken to her from the Lord.”

Mary's Song of Praise Magnifies the Father

46 And Mary said,

“My soul[11] magnifies the Lord, 47 and my spirit has rejoiced  in God my Savior, 48 for he has looked upon the low position of his slave girl. For look, from now on all generations will call me blessed; 49 for the Mighty One has done great things for me, and holy is his name. 50 And his mercy is from generation to generation for those who fear him. 51 He has done a mighty deed with his arm; he has scattered the proud in the thoughts[12] of their hearts. 52 He has brought down rulers from their thrones, and has exalted the lowly. 53 he has filled the hungry with good things, and the rich he has sent away empty. 54 He has helped Israel his servant, in remembrance of his mercy, 55 as he spoke to our fathers, to Abraham and to his offspring forever.”

56 And Mary stayed with her about three months, and returned to her home.

The Birth of John the Baptist

57 The time now came for Elizabeth to give birth, and she gave birth to a son. 58 And her neighbors and relatives heard that the Lord had shown great mercy to her, and they rejoiced with her. 59 And on the eighth day they came to circumcise the child, and they were going to name him after his father, Zechariah. 60 But his mother answered and said, “No indeed; but he will be called John.” 61 And they said to her, “There is no one of your relatives who is called by this name.” 62 And they made signs to his father, as to what he wanted him called. 63 And he asked for a writing tablet and wrote, “His name is John.” And they were all amazed. 64 And at once his mouth was opened and his tongue loosed, and he began to speak, praising God. 65 And fear came on all those living around them; and all these things were being talked about in all the hill country of Judea. 66 And all who heard them laid them up in their hearts, saying, “What then will this child be?” For the hand of the Lord was with him.

The Prophecy of Zechariah

67 And his father Zechariah was filled with the Holy Spirit and prophesied, saying,

68 “Blessed be the Lord God of Israel, for he has visited and provided redemption for his people. 69 and has raised up a horn of salvation for us in the house of his servant David, 70 as he spoke by the mouth of his holy prophets from of old, 71 of salvation from our enemies and from the hand of all who hate us; 72 to show mercy to our fathers and to remember his holy covenant, 73 the oath that he swore to Abraham our father, to grant us 74 that we, being rescued from the hand of our enemies, might serve him without fear, 75 in holiness and righteousness before him all our days. 76 And you, child, will be called the prophet of the Most High; for you will go before the Lord to prepare his ways, 77 to give knowledge of salvation to his people by the forgiveness of their sins, 78 because of the tender mercy of our God, by which the daybreak will visit us from on high, 79 to give light to those who sit in darkness and in the shadow of death, to guide our feet into the way of peace.”

80 And the child grew and became strong in spirit, and he lived in the desert until the day he showed himself publicly to Israel.

The Birth of Jesus Christ

2 Now in those days a decree went out from Caesar Augustus for all the inhabited earth to be registered. This was the first registration when Quirinius[13] was governor of Syria. And everyone went to be registered, each one to his own town. Joseph also went up from Galilee, from the city of Nazareth, to Judea, to the city of David which is called Bethlehem, because he was of the house and family of David, in order to register along with Mary, who was engaged to him, and was with child. While they were there, the days were completed for her to give birth.And she gave birth to her son, the firstborn, and she wrapped him in strips of cloth and laid him in a manger, because there was no room for them in the lodging place.

The Shepherds and the Angels

And in the same region there were shepherds out in the field, keeping watch over their flock by night. Suddenly the angel of the Lord stood before them, and the glory of the Lird gleamed around them, and they became very fearful. 10 And the angel said to them, “Do not be afraid, for behold, I bring good news to you of great joy which will be for all the people; 11 for today in the city of David there has been born for you a Savior, who is Christ the Lord. 12 And this will be the sign for you: you will find the baby wrapped in strips of cloth and lying in a manger.” 13 Suddenly there was with the angel a multitude of the heavenly army, praising God and saying,

14 “Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace among those with whom he is pleased!”

15 When the angels departed from them into heaven, the shepherds began saying to one another, “Let us go over to Bethlehem and see this thing that has happened, which the Lord has made known to us.” 16 And they went hurrying and found both Mary and Joseph, and the baby who was lying in the manger. 17 And when they saw it, they made known the statement that had been told to them about this child. 18 And all who heard it wondered at the things which were told them by the shepherds. 19 But Mary treasured up all these words, pondering them in her heart. 20 And the shepherds returned, glorifying and praising God for all that they had heard and seen, just as it had been told to them.

21 And when eight days had passed, so as to circumcise him, his name was then called Jesus, the name given by the angel before he was conceived in the womb.

Jesus Presented at the Temple

22 And when the days for their purification according to the law of Moses were completed, they brought him up to Jerusalem to present him to the Lord 23 (as it is written in the Law of the Lord, “Every male opening the womb shall be called holy to the Lord”) 24 and to offer a sacrifice according to what was said in the Law of the Lord, “A pair of turtledoves or two young pigeons.” 25 And there was a man in Jerusalem whose name was Simeon; and this man was righteous and devout, waiting for the consolation of Israel; and the Holy Spirit was upon him. 26 And it had been revealed to him by the Holy Spirit that he would not see death before he had seen the Lord’s Christ. 27 And he came in the Spirit into the temple, and when the parents brought in the child Jesus, to do for him according to the custom of the Law, 28 then he took him into his arms, and blessed God, and said,

29 “Now Lord you are releasing your slave depart in peace, according to your word; 30 for my eyes have seen your salvation 31     that you have prepared in the presence of all peoples, 32 a light for revelation to the Gentiles, and the glory of your people Israel.”

33 And his father and his mother marveled at the things being said about him. 34 And Simeon blessed them and said to Mary his mother, “Behold, this child is appointed for the fall and rising of many in Israel, and for a sign that is opposed 35 and a sword will pierce through your own soul also, so that thoughts from many hearts may be revealed.”

36 And there was a prophetess, Anna, the daughter of Phanuel, of the tribe of Asher. She was advanced in years, having lived with her husband seven years from her virginity, 37 and then as a widow to the age of eighty-four. She never left the temple, serving night and day with fasting and prayers. 38 And coming up at that very hour she began to give thanks to God and to speak of him to all who were waiting for the redemption of Jerusalem.

The Return to Nazareth

39 When they had performed everything according to the Law of the Lord, they returned to Galilee, to their own city of Nazareth. 40 And the child continued growing and became strong, being filled with wisdom. And the favor of God was upon him.

The Boy Jesus in the Temple

41 Now his parents went to Jerusalem every year at the Feast of the Passover. 42 And when he was twelve years old, they went up according to the custom of the feast. 43 And after the days were completed, while they were returning, the boy Jesus stayed behind in Jerusalem. And his parents did not know it, 44 but supposing him to be in the company, they went a day's journey; and they began looking for him among their relatives and acquaintances. 45 and when they did not find him, they returned to Jerusalem, looking for him. 46 Then, it occurred, after three days they found him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the teachers and listening to them and questioning them.[14] 47 And all those listening to him were amazed at his understanding and his answers. 48 When they saw him, they were astounded;[15] and his mother said to him, “Son, why have you treated us this way? Behold, your father and I have been anxiously looking for you.” 49 And he said to them, “Why is it that you were looking for me? Did you not know that I had to be in my Father’s house?” 50 And they did not understand the saying that he spoke to them. 51 And he went down with them and came to Nazareth, and he continued in subjection to them; and his mother treasured all these things in her heart.

52 And Jesus kept increasing in wisdom and stature, and in favor with God and men.

John the Baptist Prepares the Way

3 In the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, Pontius Pilate being governor of Judea, and Herod being tetrarch of Galilee, and his brother Philip tetrarch of the region of Ituraea and Trachonitis, and Lysanias tetrarch of Abilene, during the high priesthood of Annas and Caiaphas, the word of God came to John the son of Zechariah in the wilderness. And he went into all the region around the Jordan, proclaiming a baptism of repentance for the forgiveness of sins; as it is written in the book of the words of Isaiah the prophet,

“The voice of one crying in the wilderness: ‘Prepare the way of the Lord, make his paths straight. Every valley will be filled, and every mountain and hill will be brought low, and the crooked shall become straight, and the rough ways smooth, and all flesh will see the salvation of God.’”[16]

He said therefore to the crowds that came out to be baptized by him, “You brood of vipers! Who warned you to flee from the wrath to come? Therefore bear fruits in keeping with repentance, and do not begin to say to yourselves, ‘We have Abraham for our father,’ for I say to you that from these stones God is able to raise up children to Abraham. Even now the axe is laid to the root of the trees; every tree therefore that does not bear good fruit is cut down and thrown into the fire.”

10 And the crowds were questioning him, saying, “What then shall we do?” 11 And he answered them, “Whoever has two garments[17] is to share with him who has none, and he who has food is to do likewise.” 12 And tax collectors also came to be baptized, and they said to him, “Teacher, what should we do?” 13 And he said to them, “Collect no more than what you have been ordered to.” 14 Soldiers were questioning him, saying, “And we, what shall we do?” And he said to them, “Do not extort money from anyone by force, or accuse anyone falsely, and be content with your wages.”

The Misunderstanding about John

15 Now the people were in expectation and all of them were reasoning in their hearts about John, “as to whether he was the Christ, 16 John answered them all, saying, “I baptize you with water, but the one who is more powerful than I is coming, the lace of whose sandals I am not worthy to untie. He will baptize you with Holy Spirit and with fire. 17 His winnowing fork is in his hand, to clear his threshing floor and to gather the wheat into his barn, but the chaff he will burn with unquenchable fire.”

18 So with many other exhortations he proclaimed good news to the people. 19 But Herod the tetrarch, who had been reproved by him for Herodias, his brother's wife, and for all the evil things that Herod had done, 20 added this to them all, that he locked up John in prison.

21 Now when all the people were baptized, Jesus was also baptized, and while he was praying, the heavens were opened, 22 and the Holy Spirit descended on him in bodily form, like a dove; and a voice came from heaven, “You are my beloved Son; with you I am well pleased.”

The Genealogy of Jesus Christ

23 Jesus, when he began his ministry, was about thirty years of age, being the son (as was supposed) of Joseph, the son of Heli, 24 the son of Matthat, the son of Levi, the son of Melchi, the son of Jannai, the son of Joseph, 25 the son of Mattathias, the son of Amos, the son of Nahum, the son of Esli, the son of Naggai, 26 the son of Maath, the son of Mattathias, the son of Semein, the son of Josech, the son of Joda, 27 the son of Joanan, the son of Rhesa, the son of Zerubbabel, the son of Shealtiel, the son of Neri, 28 the son of Melchi, the son of Addi, the son of Cosam, the son of Elmadam, the son of Er, 29 the son of Joshua, the son of Eliezer, the son of Jorim, the son of Matthat, the son of Levi, 30 the son of Simeon, the son of Judah, the son of Joseph, the son of Jonam, the son of Eliakim, 31 the son of Melea, the son of Menna, the son of Mattatha, the son of Nathan, the son of David, 32 the son of Jesse, the son of Obed, the son of Boaz, the son of Salmon,[18] the son of Nahshon, 33 the son of Amminadab, the son of Admin, the son of Arni, the son of Hezron, the son of Perez, the son of Judah, 34 the son of Jacob, the son of Isaac, the son of Abraham, the son of Terah, the son of Nahor, 35 the son of Serug, the son of Reu, the son of Peleg, the son of Eber, the son of Shelah, 36 the son of Cainan, the son of Arphaxad, the son of Shem, the son of Noah, the son of Lamech, 37 the son of Methuselah, the son of Enoch, the son of Jared, the son of Mahalaleel, the son of Cainan, 38 the son of Enosh, the son of Seth, the son of Adam, the son of God.

The Temptation of Jesus

4 And Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit, returned from the Jordan and was led by the Spirit in the wilderness for forty days, being tempted by the devil. And he ate nothing during those days, and when they were ended, he was hungry. And the devil said to him, “If you are the Son of God, command this stone to become bread.” And Jesus answered him, “It is written, ‘Man shall not live on bread alone.’”[19] And he led him up and showed him all the kingdoms of the inhabited earth in a moment of time. And the devil said to him, “To you I will give all this authority and their glory; for it has been handed over to me, and I give it to whomever I wish. Therefore if you bow down before me, it shall all be yours.” Jesus answered him, “It is written, ‘You shall worship the Lord your God and serve him only.’”

And he led him to Jerusalem and had him stand on the pinnacle of the temple, and said to him, “If you are the Son of God, throw yourself down from here; 10 for it is written,

“‘He will command his angels concerning you, to guard you,’

11 and

“‘On their hands they will bear you up, lest you strike your foot against a stone.’”

12 And Jesus answered him, “It is said, ‘You shall not put the Lord your God to the test.’” 13 And when the devil had completed every temptation, he departed from him until an opportune time.

The Beginning of Jesus’ Galilean Ministry

14 And Jesus returned in the power of the Spirit to Galilee, and news about him went out throughout all the surrounding region. 15 And he began to teach in their synagogues, and was praised by all.

The Rejection of Jesus at Nazareth

16 And he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up; and as was his custom, he went to the synagogue on the Sabbath day, and he stood up to read. 17 And the scroll[20] of the prophet Isaiah was given to him. And he unrolled the scroll[21] and found the place where it was written,

18 “The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he has anointed me to proclaim good news[22] to the poor. He has sent me to proclaim release to the captives and recovering of sight to the blind, to set free those who are oppressed, 19 to proclaim the favorable year of the Lord.”

20 And he rolled up the scroll[23] and gave it back to the attendant and sat down; and the eyes of all in the synagogue were fixed on him. 21 And he began to say to them, “Today this Scripture has been fulfilled in your hearing.” 22 And all were all speaking well of him, and marveled at the gracious words that were coming out of his mouth; and they said, “Is not this Joseph's son?” 23 And he said to them, “Doubtless you will quote to me this proverb, ‘“Physician, heal yourself.” What we heard was done at Capernaum, do here in your hometown as well.’” 24 And he said, “Truly, I say to you, no prophet is acceptable in his hometown. 25 But in truth, I tell you, there were many widows in Israel in the days of Elijah, when the heavens were shut up three years and six months, and a great famine came over all the land; 26 and Elijah was sent to none of them, but only to Zarephath in the region of Sidon, to a woman who was a widow. 27 And there were many lepers[24] in Israel in the time of the prophet Elisha, and none of them was cleansed, but only Naaman the Syrian.” 28 And all those in the synagogue were filled with wrath as they heard these things. 29 And they rose up and drove him out of the city and brought him to the brow of the hill on which their city was built, so that they could throw him down the cliff. 30 But passing through their midst, he went away.

Jesus Heals a Man with an Unclean Demon

31 And he came down to Capernaum, a city of Galilee. And he was teaching them on the Sabbath; 32 and they were astounded[25] at his teaching, for his word possessed authority. 33 And in the synagogue there was a man who had the spirit of an unclean demon, and he cried out with a loud voice, 34 “Ha! What have you to do with us,[26] Jesus of Nazareth? Have you come to destroy us? I know who you are–the Holy One of God!” 35 But Jesus rebuked him, saying, “Be quiet and come out of him!” And when the demon had thrown him down in the midst, he came out of him without doing him any harm. 36 And astonishment[27] came upon them all and they were talking to one another, saying, “What is this word? For with authority and power he commands the unclean spirits, and out they come out!” 37 And the report about him went out into every place in the surrounding region.

The Healing of Many People

38 And he arose and left the synagogue and entered Simon's house. Now Simon's mother-in-law was suffering from a high fever, and they asked him to help her.[28] 39 And he stood over her and rebuked the fever, and it left her, and immediately she got up and began to serve them.

40 Now when the sun was setting, all those who had any who were sick with various diseases brought them to him, and he laid his hands on every one of them and healed them. 41 And demons also were coming out of many, crying out and saying, “You are the Son of God!” But he rebuked them and would not allow them to speak, because they knew he was the Christ.

Jesus Preaches in Synagogues

42 And when it was day, he departed and went into a desolate place. And the people sought him and came to him, and they tried to keep him from going away from them. 43 But he said to them, “I must preach the kingdom of God to the other cities also, for I was sent for this purpose.” 44 And he was preaching in the synagogues of Judea.

Jesus Calls the First Disciples

5 Now it happened that while the crowd was pressing around him and hearing the word of God, he was standing beside the lake of Gennesaret; and he saw two boats by the lake, but the fishermen had gotten out of them and were washing their nets. And he got into one of the boats, which was Simon’s, and asked him to put out a little from the land. And he sat down and began teaching the crowds from the boat. And when he had finished speaking, he said to Simon, “Put out into the deep and let down your nets for a catch.” And Simon answered and said, “Master, we toiled all night and took nothing, but at your word I will let down the nets.” And when they had done this, they enclosed a very large number of fish, and their nets were breaking. And they signaled to their partners in the other boat to come and help them. And they came and filled both the boats, so that they began to sink. But when Simon Peter saw it, he fell down at Jesus' knees, saying, “Depart from me, for I am a sinful man, O Lord.” For astonishment[29] had seized him and all those who were with him at the catch of fish that they had taken, 10 and so also were James and John, sons of Zebedee, who were partners with Simon. And Jesus said to Simon, “Do not be afraid; from now on you will be catching men.” 11 And when they had brought their boats to land, they left everything and followed him.

Jesus Cleanses a Leper

12 While he was in one of the cities, look, there was a man full of leprosy;[30] and when he saw Jesus, he fell on his face and begged him, saying, “Lord, if you are willing, you can make me clean.” 13 And he stretched out his hand and touched him, saying, “I am willing; be clean.” And immediately the leprosy left him. 14 And he ordered him to tell no one, “But go and show yourself to the priest and make an offering for your cleansing, just as Moses commanded, as a testimony to them.” 15 But the news about him was spreading even more, and large crowds would gather together to listen and to be cured of their sicknesses. 16 But he himself was withdrawing in the desolate places and praying.

STILL BEING WORKED ON - MORE COMING SOON

[1] Lit in their days

[2] Or intoxicating drink

[3] Lit in her days

[4] Or she kept herself secluded

[5] Being barren in that culture, Elizabeth would have been viewed as an object of reproach. Therefore, she gave thanks to the Lord for giving her a child even though she was “advanced in years.” (1:19) This was a common theme in the Old Testament with Sarah (Gen. 21:6), Rachel (Gen. 30:23), and Hannah. (1 Sam. 1-2) Hence, ‘the Lord looked upon Elizabeth with favor.’

[6] Nazareth: (Gr. Nazareth) Nazareth is a secluded town in the lower central part of Galilee, where Jesus lived most of his earthly life, along with his half-brothers and half-sisters. (Lu 2:51, 52; Matt. 13:54-56).

[7] Virgin: (Gr. parthenos) In the Jewish culture “virgins” were young women (maidens), who were fourteen years of age or younger. The Greek can refer to a female virgin (Matt. 1:23; 25:1, 7, 11; Lu 1:27, 27; Ac 21:9; 1 Cor. 7:25, 28, 34, 36, 37, 38; 2 Cor. 11:2) or a male virgin (Rev. 14:4) However, it can also refer to an unmarried person who is not necessarily a virgin. (1 Cor. 7:25) Yet, the main use of this term in the NT is speaking of a young woman, who has reached puberty but is not married and has never had sexual intercourse, i.e., a virgin.

[8] Betrothed: (Gr. mnēsteuomai) This refers to a person who was promised in marriage. The Greek means ‘to be engaged, to be promised in marriage.’ According to ancient cultural customs of the Jewish people, “to be betrothed to a man,” namely, engaged, was to be legally bound to a future marriage. The engaged couple were already viewed as though they were already married, which means they could not just break off the engagement but rather would have to by law, seek a bill of divorce. (Matt. 1:19) It was so binding that the young woman could not marry another until she was freed by due process of law. Even though a young Jewish couple was viewed as already being married, they did not begin living together as husband and wife until after the wedding formalities.–Matt. 1:18; Lu 1:27; 2:5.

[9] I.e. I am not having sexual relations with a man

[10] Or believed, for there will be

[11] I.e. My whole being

[12] Thought(s), Intention, Purpose: (dianoia) This is referring to the mind, the place of reason, understanding thinking (Eph. 4:18), a mental disposition, a way of thinking, a manner of thought (Col. 1:21). It also can refer to the thought(s), that is, the content of what one is thinking. (Lu 1:51) It can also refer to preparing one’s mind for action (mental perception).–1 Pet. 1:13.

[13] Publius Sulpicius Quirinius, a distinguished Roman senator, is mentioned only once in the Bible. Quirinius served as governor (or, legate) in Syria for two distinct terms.

[14] Question, Ask Question: (eperotao; erotao) The Greek word eperotao, which means to ask, to question, to demand of, for “questioning” was far more than the Greek word erotao, which meant to ask, to request, to entreat, such as a boy’s inquisitiveness. Eperotao refer to questioning, which one might hear in a judicial hearing, such as a scrutiny, inquiry, counter questioning, even probing question, a sort of interrogation.

[15] Astounded: (Gr. ekplēssō) This is one who is extremely astounded or amazed, so much so that they lose their mental self-control, as they are overwhelmed emotionally.–Matt. 7:28; Mark 1:22; 7:37; Lu 2:48; 4:32; 9:43; Ac 13:12.

[16] A quotation from Isa 40:3-5

[17] Ie an extra garment

[18] Other mss read Sala

[19] Quotation from Deuteronomy 8:3

[20] Or a roll

[21] Or roll

[22] Or the gospel

[23] Or roll

[24] Leprosy: (Heb. tsaraath; Gr. lepros) is a disease mainly affecting the skin and nerves that can cause tissue change and, in severe cases, loss of sensation and disfigurement. In Bible times, it could affect homes and clothing as well as humans. It is transmitted following close personal contact and has an incubation period of 1-30 years.–Lev. 13:1-46; Deut. 24:8; 2 Ki 5:3, 6, 7, 27; 2 Ch. 26:19; Matt. 8:2; 10:8; 11:5; 26:6; Mark 1:40; 14:3; Lu 4:27; 7:22; 17:12.

[25] Astounded: (Gr. ekplēssō) This is one who is extremely astounded or amazed, so much so that they lose their mental self-control, as they are overwhelmed emotionally.–Matt. 7:28; Mark 1:22; 7:37; Lu 2:48; 4:32; 9:43; Ac 13:12.

[26] Lit What is there to us and to you, which is a Hebrew idiom; a revolting question indicating objection. It is found in the Hebrew Scriptures, namely, in Josh. 22:24; Judg. 11:12; 2Sa 16:10; 19:22; 1 Ki 17:18; 2 Ki 3:13; 2 Ch. 35:21; Hos. 14:8. The demons are asking in a disgusted tone, ‘what do we have in common with you?’ In the Greek New Testament it is found in in Matt. 8:29; Mk 1:24; 5:7; Lu 4:34; 8:28; John 2:4.

[27] Astonished: (Gr. thambeō; derivative of thambos) This is one who is experiencing astonishment, to be astounded, or amazed as a result of some sudden and unusual event, which can be in a positive or negative sense.–Mark 1:27; 10:32; Lu 4:36; 5:9; Acts 3:10.

[28] Lit about her

[29] Astonished: (Gr. thambeō; derivative of thambos) This is one who is experiencing astonishment, to be astounded, or amazed as a result of some sudden and unusual event, which can be in a positive or negative sense.–Mark 1:27; 10:32; Lu 4:36; 5:9; Acts 3:10.

[30] I.e. covered with leprosy